Blacklisting, XSS filter evasion and other resources
So the other day I was doing a web site review and looking for XSS issues. I came across one ASP form that used various URL parameters to make up parts of the form. Well, I poked around and and tried injecting the usual, <script>alert('xss')</script>. The page went straight to a 404 Not Found, so it must have been doing some kind of filtering. I tried using various cases of <script> and also UTF-8 encoding the script.
Nothing was working here, so I put in <scrpt> and the page worked, and I saw the tag was being inserted into the page. The page was doing filtering on the word script, so I knew I had to work around it somehow. What I ended up doing, was injecting an image tag that pointed to nothing, and an onerror event. Like so:
<img src="" onerror=alert(/xss/)>
And viola! XSS within five minutes. This was a pretty simple case, and the blacklist was not comprehensive at all, but it just goes to show there will always be ways around a filter. Also, be sure to use more than just a single browser when testing web applications for security flaws. Not every attack will work on Firefox and IE. Take the following that I used against a search page for IE only:
On another page, "onerror" was being filtered, so I had to work around that. I needed something a little better, so I skipped the image and script tags, and went straight to the input tags. I ended up using:
This brings me to a couple new resources I came across, thanks to .mario in #slackers IRC channel. During the development and ongoing testing of the PHP-IDS project, mario wrote this awesome PHP Charset Encoder. This interesting thread came up in our discussion as well, which is pretty cool and could be used in evading filters. If RTL looks familiar to you, like it did to me... Perhaps you've seen RSnake's weird "Dolce & Gabanna" page? Right click > View source and take a look at some of the tags, one of them is RTL. Now to decipher the rest of that HTML code. hahaha. Oh, one last thing to wrap this post up... Don't forget the XSS Cheat Sheet, also available in XML for use in your own scripts. It's been really useful these past couple days.blog comments powered by Disqus